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ÖgeTransformations Of Kurdish Music In Syria: Social And Political Factors(Institute of Social Sciences, 2018)This thesis presents a study on the social and political impediments to progress of Kurdish music in Syria and more in particular in Kobani. My arguments focus on two impediments. The first of my arguments which concerns the attitude of Kurdish society to music and musicians, while the second argument is the impact of politics on both the creativity and the musical quality that is presented. In order to deal with these issues, a fundamental point was taken: the question of identity. In other words, elements of the nature of the Kurdish identity, of which music is an important part, have been examined. Therefore, it is a historical study about the social and political distinction of the Kurdish people in order to present the musical distinction in light of it. My research is largely based on historical, political and sociological literature as well as personal knowledge based on personal experience and accumulation. In addition to all these, I have conducted in-dept interviews with Syrian Kurdish musicians which contributed significant knowledge and experiences to my research.
ÖgeRast Makam In Arabic Music And Turkish Music(Institute of Social Sciences, 2018)The Makam music one of the fine arts closer to the depths of the human soul, where Makam music gives the human imagination and the expansion of human perception in life. That type of music addresses the hidden feelings more than addressing the conscious feelings, and this stems from the importance of Makam music in human life and arranged the importance of each Makam in the musical forms. That gives rise to the importance of the Makams that plays the fundamental role in the construction of Makam music. Arabic and Turkish music depends on its construction on two essential elements tones and rhythms. The main Makams and their families are the principal sources of the compositions. In Arabic and Turkish music are distinctive by the vast number of its Makams on which the form of the melodies depends, but the science of the Makams are considered the principal element on which Makams created the Instrumental and Lyrical forms of the composition. Since the appearance of music categories in Arabic and Turkish Makam families, there a rose discussion between those who wrote in this field, such as amateur specialists and theorists and applied scientists. The outstanding points which raised discussion between the number of Makams, Makams families, the method of notating Makams and analysis of the Makams which would lead to the conclusion in original Makams, classification and the discussion of differences. The Makams in Arabic and Turkish music is an expression of a group of tones composed and blended together until they acquire a complete total texture, carrying colour and a unique tonal distinctive character.