Otoyol güzergahları için geçiş eğrilerinin karşılaştırılması ve bir uygulama (Kınalı-E5 kavşağının geometrik çözümü)

dc.contributor.advisor Algül, Emirhan
dc.contributor.author Tunalı, Ali
dc.contributor.authorID 18759
dc.contributor.department Geomatik Mühendisliği tr_TR
dc.date.accessioned 2023-03-16T05:52:26Z
dc.date.available 2023-03-16T05:52:26Z
dc.date.issued 1991
dc.description Tez (Yüksek Lisans) -- İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, 1991 tr_TR
dc.description.abstract Bu çalışmada, otoyol güzergahlarının projelendirilmesinde kullanılan birleştirme eğrilerinden klotoid, lemniskat, kübik parabol ve 2R yarıçaplı dairenin bağıntıları ve özellikleri incelenerek çeşitli uygulamaları gösterilmiştir. 3. Bölümde birleştirme eğrilerinin benzer ve farklı yanları incelenerek birbirleriyle olan karşılaştırmaları yapılmıştır. Bölüm 5'te otoyollarda ve kavşaklarda klotoidin uygulanmasında karşılaşılan problemler incelenmiştir. Edirne-Sakarya otoyolunda Kınalı-E5 kavşağının geometrik çözümü yapılmış ve elde edilen sonuçlar şekillerle ve tablolarla sayısal olarak gösterilmiştir. 8. Bölümde bu çalışmadan elde edilen sonuçlar açıklanmıştır. Ekler bölümünde klotoid hesaplamalarında kullanılan tablolar verilmiştir. Ayrıca, geometrik çözümü yapılmış bir güzergahın ara noktalarının ve offset noktalarının koordinatlarını ve kutupsal aplikasyon elemanlarını veren bir program ilave edilmiştir. tr_TR
dc.description.abstract The geometrical analysing of the crossroad of Kxnali-E5 on the Sakarya-Edirne Highway) Transition curves are introduced at the beginnings and ends of horizontal circular curves as easements from the straight into the circular arc. without transitions the steering must be turned instantly from straight ahead to the position for the curve, and the centrifugal force which is absent on the straight but present on the- circular arc must also be developed at the same instant of passing the TC point. On roads of slight curvature or generous width, or at low speeds, the driver can adopt his individual transition path without difficulty, but on high speed roads with restricted lane widths, or on fixed rail tracks, some concession must be made to these effects and a transition curve introduced between tangent and circular curve [_l]. When a car traveling on a straight stretch of highway reaches a circular path, the steering wheel must be set at a new angle depending upon the radius of the curve. This movement cannot be done instantly but in a measurable time interval, thus creating a demond for a transition curve, the length of which equals speed x time [2j- The requirement of a transition curve is that it shall have a curvature increasing linearly to match the uniform rate of application of süpere lavat ion angle and rate of turn of steering whell. Four curves may be used as a transition curve. - the clothoid - the lemniscate - the cubic parabola - transition curve with radius 2R The most useful curve for direct calculation of the transition is the cubic parabola, but for all practical purposes the first three curves are the same at the curvatures and lengths used in high speed roads [l]. VI The beginning and points of the transitions to a circular curve are denoted in a similar manner to the tangent points in simple curvature. They are; TS back tangent to lead-in spiral SC lead-in spiral to circular curve CS circular curve to run-out spiral ST run-out spiral to forward tangent. spiral angles are measured relative to the tangent at TS or ST. clothoid is a curve that rotates infinite circula tions around the points of rotation. Only a short part of this curve from its beginning is used in the construc tion of highways and railways. The radius of curvature of clothoid, at the beginning, has infinite value, and the radius decreases proportionally with its own length. The formula of clothoid as follows: A2=R.L where A denotes parameter of clothoid, R denotes the radius of curve, and L is the length of transition curve. The values of length L and radius R change in each point on curve. However, this change is surrounded on the condi tion that the production of length L and radius R must be equal to a constant value as A2. So it's possible to calculate an unknown value by helping any given two values. It is accepted that the curvatures of the ideal transition curve varry in proportion the length of curves. According to the this definition, the most appropriate curve is the clothoid. Lemniscate is the most similar curve to the ideal transition curve. According to polar coordinates, the equation of lemniscate is; S2 = A2. Sin 2a where S and a are the polar coordinates of a point on the curve. A is a parameter which determines the size of curve. Practically, the cubic parabola is one of the most appointed curves. Applications of these curves are easier than 'the others, but, the value of ignorance raise if the spiral angles are greater than twelve degrees. In this point, the curve differs from ideal transition curve. In that case, it is feasible to use the clothoids or lemniscates. vix The formula of the cubic parabola as follows; X3 Y= * 6.R.L Transition curve with radius 2R is not an exact transitional curve. However, it can provide the reducing of effect of centrifugal force to half. The equation of this curve can be.formulated as follows: X2 Y= - 4R The advantages and disadvantages of transitional curves, providing that comparing each other, in terms of similarities and differences has been reseached. As a resault, the best ideal transition curve is clothoid as it was explained above for the high speed roads. Unit clothoid and norm clothoid tables which are used in calculations of clotoit and clotoit pistoles are analyzed. In addition, different applications of clothoids which are used in the preparation of projects, have been explained at the following sections. At the stage of project properation, it is likely to encounter some various methods of use of the clotoit which are 1) The use of.clothoid as a transition curve between an alligment an a circle. 2) The use of clothoid as a transition curve between two circles with different directions. 3) The use of clothoid as a transition curve (egg line-Eilinie) between two circles with same directions. 4) A number of curve tyoes between two alligments 5) Various tynes of clothoid. At the first method of use quoted above all the elements of clothoid can be computed providing that two of the elements at the transition point of curve are known. These known elements are to be demonstrated in tables. The transition curve combining two circles with different direction eachother is called as S-curve. Especially S-curves placed between two circles with different direction at high speed roads are of importanece, The existence of an interval alligment in an S-curve is of objection. They are supposed to consist of two clothoid branches with the same parameteres, if possible. In order vm to figure out the problem with the purpose of determination of the parameter A, the following method can be used. en_US
dc.description.degree Yüksek Lisans tr_TR
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11527/22930
dc.language.iso tr
dc.publisher Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü tr_TR
dc.rights Kurumsal arşive yüklenen tüm eserler telif hakkı ile korunmaktadır. Bunlar, bu kaynak üzerinden herhangi bir amaçla görüntülenebilir, ancak yazılı izin alınmadan herhangi bir biçimde yeniden oluşturulması veya dağıtılması yasaklanmıştır. tr_TR
dc.rights All works uploaded to the institutional repository are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. en_US
dc.subject Geçiş eğrileri tr_TR
dc.subject Klotoid tr_TR
dc.subject Kübik parabol tr_TR
dc.subject Otoyollar tr_TR
dc.subject Transition elements en_US
dc.subject Clothoid en_US
dc.subject Cubic parabola en_US
dc.subject Motorways en_US
dc.title Otoyol güzergahları için geçiş eğrilerinin karşılaştırılması ve bir uygulama (Kınalı-E5 kavşağının geometrik çözümü) tr_TR
dc.title.alternative The Comparison of the transition curves among their own kins for the route of high speed reads and an application (The geometrical analysing of the crossroad of Kınalı-E5 on the Sakarya-Edirne highway) en_US
dc.type Tez tr_TR
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