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ÖgeA study of the science-policy interfaces in climate change policymaking: Izmir and Istanbul Development Agencies(Social Sciences Institute, 2020)This study aims to examine the climate change-related science-policy interfaces. The concept of science-policy interface refers to the relationships between knowledge producers and policymakers in policymaking processes. The main thesis of the study is that in order to turn the scientific knowledge on climate change into effective policies, co-production based science-policy interfaces should be established. In these interfaces, knowledge producers and policymakers co-produce knowledge, policy, and action by interacting, cooperating, and collaborating.
ÖgeA close look at citizen science as an extension of science: Actor network theory study of the three large scale Environmental Citizen Science Projects in Turkey(Social Sciences Institute, 2020)Citizen Science in other words Public Participation in Scientific Research has been flourishing in intersections of academia, civil society and policy making by becoming an extension of science and a subject of Science, Technology and Society Studies (STS). Citizen science literature has been developing with the considerations on research types, motivations, benefits and shortfalls of citizen science. This thesis carries an actor network theory approach and problematizes by considering the citizen science literature, how the three frequent type citizen science researches in Turkey which are ‘The Turkish Breeding Bird Atlas’, ‘The Map of Threats to Water Resources in Turkey’ and ‘The National Jellyfish and Gelatinous Organisms Watch Program’ have been constructed as an extension of science. In order to describe the research processes, qualitative multiple case study was conducted, thirteen semi-structured interviews were made with the project coordinators of the three projects and the active citizen scientists of the two projects. The interviews and the projects’ documents were analyzed with NVivo through using Michel Callon’s (1984) four moments of translation (problematization, interessement, enrolment, mobilization) and the themes of citizen science such as motivations, benefits, shortfalls and science.
ÖgeAutonomous Machines And Machine Ethics: Can Autonomous Cars Be Considered As Moral Agents?(Institute of Social Sciences, 2019)Autonomous machines are becoming more and more involved in our lives. By interacting with their environment, these machines are able to perform certain tasks without human intervention. With this ability, they are used in tasks requiring human labor in many sectors. Driverless cars, for example, are expected to reach a level of autonomy that enables them to perform a journey without any need for a human being in the near future. Autonomous machines while performing a specific task are making specific decisions for each of their actions. It is very important to ensure that the machines can make "right‟ decisions since the consequences of their actions may affect human beings directly. Therefore, it is important that the autonomous vehicles on the traffic act ethically when faced with a conflict.