Novel methods for efficient realization of logic functions using switching lattices

Aksoy, Levent
Altun, Mustafa
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IEEE Transactions on Computers
Two-dimensional switching lattices including four-terminal switches are introduced as alternative structures to realize logic functions, aiming to outperform the designs consisting of one-dimensional two-terminal switches. Exact and approximate algorithms have been proposed for the problem of finding a switching lattice which implements a given logic function and has the minimum size,i.e., a minimum number of switches. In this article, we present an approximate algorithm, called JANUS, that explores the search space in a dichotomic search manner. It iteratively checks if the target function can be realized using a given lattice candidate, which is formalized as a satisfiability (SAT) problem. As the lattice size and the number of literals and products in the given target function increase, the size of a SAT problem grows dramatically, increasing the run-time of a SAT solver. To handle the instances that JANUS cannot cope with, we introduce a divide and conquer method called MEDEA. It partitions the target function into smaller sub-functions,finds the realizations of these sub-functions on switching lattices using JANUS, and explores alternative realizations of these sub-functions which may reduce the size of the final lattice. Moreover, we describe the realization of multiple functions in a single lattice. Experimental results show that JANUS can find better solutions than the existing approximate algorithms, even than the exact algorithm which cannot determine a minimum solution in a given time limit. On the other hand, MEDEA can find better solutions on relatively large size instances using a little computational effort when compared to the previously proposed algorithms. Moreover, on instances that the existing methods cannot handle, MEDEA can easily find a solution which is significantly better than the available solutions.
Anahtar kelimeler
emerging technologies, four-terminal switch, switching lattice, logic synthesis, satisfiability, binary search